The courageous personality of the Maltese dog is what makes it famous. If you are thinking of getting a smart dog to be part of your household, a Maltese dog should be the first thing on your mind. Maltese dogs are natural lovers, and you can't help but love them. One admirable characteristic of Maltese dog is their healthiness, even though it has some health challenges.
Maltese dogs are known to live long and could be alive for about 12 to 15 years. This is not common among other dog breeds. One major factor that contributes to the longevity of the Maltese dogs is their small size. Even the larger cousins of the Maltese don't live as long as them.
The Maltese dog's lifespan hinges on some elements such as exercise, way of life, exposure to objects, heredities, and the functions they perform.A dominant determinant factor of Maltese dog's lifespan is the health challenges that may affect them during their lifetime.
Although most of these health issues are not chronic, dog owners and trainers need to be conversant with the right medication to maintain healthy living. Knowing the associated health issues and how to manage them is highly essential. Below are a few hints about the Maltese dogs;
- They are prone to infections if they lose one or more teeth. Hence owners need to check their teeth regularly. Dental care administration is ideal for preventing unwanted infections for this canine.
- Cardiovascular disease and cancer is a common disease among the Maltese dogs. Dog trainers need to take them for regular checkups and take note of probable symptoms.
- Castration and spaying can be helpful to lessen the probability of cancer in Maltese dogs – Male and Female
- Don't embrace the habit of smoking around the Maltese dog; it can make them fall sick.
- Overfeeding isn't good for their health – Maintain a balanced diet and regular exercise to keep them in good shape
- Maltese dogs don't like a wet environment, neither should you keep your canine friend in unconducive surroundings.
COMMON HEALTH PROBLEM OF MALTESE DOG BREED
As we already discussed, Maltese puppies tend to be healthy and live beyond 13 years, depending on the circumstances. But the major challenge is their susceptibility to many health issues.
Maltese dogs usually develop hereditary health issues, which could be from their immediate parent or older generation. However, you need to know that some health issues are not genetic. This is why you should always request to know the Maltese dog's hereditary past whenever you want to acquire one.
Apart from the sickness relating to genetics, the Maltese dog's size is another factor that generates health issues. Smaller dogs, including Maltese, are prone to contracting diseases of different times due to their fragile nature.
Gathering adequate information about the health status of Maltese is a key to getting an admirable and courageous dog. We would like to ease the pressure for you by highlighting some Maltese dog breed issues you need to know.
Tooth and gum diseases are a significant issue for the Maltese dog. Congestion of their teeth is the cause of the dental problem. Periodontal disease may arise if trainers/owners fail to residue and plaque buildup in their mouth. For this reason, Maltese dog requires regular mouth check and dental care to prevent the occurrence of these diseases. Accordingly, it is an excellent way to maintain good health for the puppies.
If a Maltese dog dies young or suffers from a chronic illness, the cause could be heart conditions. This is one fatal health issue of the Maltese dogs that requires utmost attention. You need to be conversant with the symptoms in its early days before it becomes uncontrollable. Few signs you Maltese puppy might be suffering from the cardiovascular disease include breathing problems, stunt growth, irregular heartbeat, and fatigue.
PROGRESSIVE RETINAL ATROPHY (EYE PROBLEMS)
Eye problems are hereditary diseases transfer from parents to offspring. Although not all Maltese puppies contract this from the older generation, it is a common vision disease that makes many lose their sight. It usually affects the rod and the cones, which may lead to Nyctalopia or Hermeralopia, respectively. This implies that the Maltese may find it difficult to see at night or during the day.
In most Maltese dogs, the symptoms don't show early, which grow to be a typical problem when they become adult. However, trainers/owners could detect this health issue when the young puppy bumps into objects, dilated pupils, disorientation, and vision loss. Unfortunately, eye problems in Maltese don't have a complete cure; you can only lessen the issue with supplements.
Another common illness of the Maltese is a liver shunt. This has to do with the circulatory system's underdevelopment. The implication of this disease is the inability of the liver to function correctly.Several symptoms are pointing out that a Maltese is suffering from a liver shunt. This includes disorientation, vomiting, pacing, seizures, and thriftiness. Maltese dogs with this ailment don't grow bigger and might be weak to engage in any activity. To correct liver stunt, affected Maltese dogs must undergo surgery.
Many of the death cases recorded by this breed were as a result of congenital disease. Hydrocephalus and colitis fall under this category, as the Maltese breed may experience an inflammation of the large intestine. Common symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, blood in feces, and painful elimination.
The third-highest cause of death in the Maltese dog breed is cancer. It isn't easy to detect in the early days because of its randomness. People smoking around the Maltese dog contribute to the growth of cancer. Other causes include exposure to the sun, poor diets, genetics, and minimal exercise. One advantage of Maltese over other species is it has good genetics against cancer-related deaths.
HOW TO PREVENT HEALTH PROBLEMS IN MALTESE DOGS?
A passionate dog owner or a trainer should be ready to help his Maltese dog stay healthy at all times. How can you do this? It's simple! Ensure you provide adequate preventive care, maintain a good diet, and take it for regular exercise. Your Maltese dog can stay happy and healthy continuously. All you need to do is create a routine for feeding and training. This will help in building a good relationship between you and your canine friend.
Regular health checkups are essential to detect symptoms and illnesses. Early diagnosis will go a long way to help your Maltese live longer in good health. Try as much as possible to detect allergies early or if your appetite changes at any time. Make sure you see a veterinarian whenever you notice anything unusual.